Nun kommen wir zum fünften Opfer im dritten Buch Mose, dem Übertretungsopfer. Dieses Opfer behandelt die vielen Übertretungen, die wir begangen haben, wie Lügen, Hass, Eifersucht, Neid, Streit und jedes Werk des Fleisches (Galater 5:19-21). Da wir uns im Prozess hin zur geistlichen Reife befinden und noch nicht zur Vollkommenheit gelangt sind, begehen wir immer noch Sünden. Aus diesem Grund hat Gott uns das Übertretungsopfer bereitgestellt. 1.Johannes 2:1-2 sagt: “Meine Kindlein, diese Dinge schreibe ich euch, damit ihr nicht sündigt. Und wenn jemand sündigt, so haben wir einen Fürsprecher bei dem Vater, Jesus Christus, den Gerechten. Und er ist die Sühnung für unsere Sünden, und nicht allein für die unseren, sondern auch für die der ganzen Welt.” Mit seinem Tod am Kreuz zahlte Christus das Lösegeld für jede unserer Sünden.
Gott hat uns in besonderer Weise nach seinem Bild geschaffen, ihm ähnlich, mit der Absicht, dass wir seine Kinder werden, seine Söhne, um auf dieser Erde für ihn zu herrschen (1.Mo. 1:26). Der Mensch jedoch war Gott ungehorsam, ist gefallen, und die Sünde, die Natur Satans, ist in den Menschen hineingekommen. Gottes Wort sagt, dass die ganze Welt heute in dem Bösen liegt (1.Joh. 5:19). Der Herr nannte Satan den “Fürsten dieser Welt” (Joh. 12:31; 16:11), und Paulus benutzte ein noch stärkeres Wort, den “Gott dieses Zeitalters”, der die Menschen, die nicht glauben, verblendet hat (2.Kor. 4:4). Denkt nicht, Satan sei nicht mächtig. Hätte ihn Gott jedoch alleine beseitigen wollen, so hätte er das Problem schon früher durch ein einziges Wort lösen können. Wer wird dann also diese Welt der Hand Satans entreißen und das himmlische Reich auf die Erde bringen? Gott möchte uns zusammen mit Christus benutzen, sein Reich auf dieser Erde aufzurichten, die Mächte und Gewalten in der Luft zu bekämpfen, Satan die Herrschaft über die Erde zu entreißen und ihn und alle seine Diener in den Feuersee zu werfen. Dafür brauchen wir das Sündopfer, um von der Macht der Sünde und des Todes befreit zu werden.
Sin separates man from God and makes us unusable for Him. As Christians, we may want to serve God and do many things for Him. But, what God cares about, first and foremost, is that we sanctify ourselves and separate ourselves from sin. We cannot tolerate sin and serve God at the same time. God will not accept and will even despise this type of service.
The Difference between the Sin Offering and the Trespass Offering
In Christ, however, God has given us a way to deal with sin in a thorough way, so that we can stand before Him and serve Him as priests. Leviticus 4 and 5 show us how we need to deal with sin and our trespasses. God uses two entire chapters for this. This shows us how much of a problem sin is for us. In Leviticus 5, the trespass offering is described. This chapter shows us that we need this offering when we have committed sin and that we should bring a ram as our trespass offering. Christ is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29). He Himself is this trespass offering (male sheep = ram). The forgiveness of our sins through the blood of Christ is only one part of dealing with the sin within us. The other part consists of the sin offering. The sin offering deals with the root of sin within us. God wants us to rule over the sin that lies in our flesh. To rule over sin, we need the sin offering – it keeps us from living out the sin that is within us.
Letting Sin be Dealt with Thoroughly
Every person with a functioning conscience and an upright heart suffers after having committed sin. In such situations, we have the blood of Christ to cleanse us from our sin. The fact that we commit sin, however, is actually a reflection of what lies within us. We should, therefore, not be satisfied with taking the blood of Christ alone, but we should ask the Lord what the root of that sin is and why it is there. It is important to allow the Lord to search our heart and reveal to us the hidden things of the heart that cause us to sin (Psalm 139). The act of sin is, in the end, a result of what is hidden in our heart. That is why we need to deal with the root cause in a deep and thorough way. The Lord, our Physician, does not only want to cleanse us from our sins – He wants to deal with the cause of our sins and deal with our heart. This is why He came to this earth as a physician (Matthew 9:12). In Leviticus 5:1-13, we see that the trespass offering and sin offering should be offered together. Once we realize that we have sinned, we should never be lax in letting the cause be dealt with. If we leave our sin untreated, it will grow and can cause even greater damage.
Dealing Quickly and Thoroughly with “Small” Sins
If we notice things that are not alright before God, we should not put off dealing with these things or just address them slowly. We often tend to have a nonchalant attitude about things that are supposedly small and insignificant. But God wants us to deal with all things immediately. That is why the sin offering can be brought in different sizes – from a bull to fine flour. Indeed, Luke 16:10 says: “He who is faithful in what is least is faithful also in much; and he who is unjust in what is least is unjust also in much.”
God wants to give us more and more of a sense of what is clean and unclean. It is important for us to start to hate and abhor sin. Psalm 101:3 says: “I will set nothing wicked before my eyes; I hate the work of those who fall away; it shall not cling to me.” We need such an aversion towards sin so that we no longer want any of it to cling to us. Paul despised sin in a very strong way. That is why he says in Romans 7:24: “O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?” Without such an attitude, we will not apply a resolute will to condemn sin in our life. Hebrews 12:4 tells us: “You have not yet resisted to bloodshed, striving against sin.”
May the Lord give us such an attitude and help us in the battle against sin!
Every human being is naturally under the dominion of sin. The Word of God shows us that
by nature we are even slaves of sin. But that should not remain so! Through Christ the sin
offering, we can reign over sin.
Through the fall of Adam, sin dwells in the flesh of every human being. So, as long as we
dwell in this body, we will be confronted with the problem of sin. Paul recognized the strong
effect of the sin in our flesh. This is why he writes in Romans 7:24: "O wretched man that I
am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?” The problem with sin is that when it is
fully grown, it produces death. In James 1:15, we see how sin works in us: " Then, when
desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, brings forth death.”
Our flesh is susceptible to all kinds of desires and lusts. No one can change this and no one is
free from this. A Christian, however, is faced with the decision of whether or not to give in
to desires and lusts. James shows that when a person gives in to lust, sin comes forth. The
result of sin is death.
Every time we have sinned, we can confess our sin, ask God for forgiveness and apply the
blood of Jesus. Then God is faithful and just to forgives us our sins (1 John 1:9). Christ is our
trespass offering. Moreover, if we have sinned against a person, we should cleanse the
matter with that person.
But, God does not only want to forgive us our sins. Instead, He wants us to resist sin before
it is "born," that is, before we commit it. When Cain was angry with his brother and wanted
to sin against him, God commanded him to rule over sin (Genesis 4:7). But, Cain did not rule
over his anger and envy, but slew his brother.
However, Jesus Christ resisted every desire and temptation throughout his life and never
sinned. That is why He can help us, so that we too can rule over our lusts. Christ is the
reality of the sin offering, which deals with the root of sin. Since Christ lives in the spirit of
every born again person, we can all claim Him as the sin offering and thus resist lusts and
desires. God has given us a will for this. We need to use this will and lay hold of Jesus in faith
when lusts arise in us. Precisely because we want to serve God as a holy priesthood, we
must experience more and more how Christ becomes the reality of the sin offering in us. It
is an exercise of faith. Whenever lusts come, we can claim Christ for ourselves and confess
that we have died to sin in Him. As Christians we have the choice. We can give in to our
flesh or we can live Christ. But, there remains a struggle (Galatians 5:17).
Therefore, let us fight the good fight of faith!